The scramble for the Sahel
In the aftermath of the Arab Spring and the collapse of Gadaffi’s regime in Libya , the balance of power in the region has been upset creating a dangerous vacuum in which armed non – state actors have flourished. As such, North Africa and t he Sahel region are still home to significant security concerns. This threat is not limited to countries lying within the Sahel but extends overseas towards Europe , and specifically countries with vested interests in the region such as France. Recent attacks have pointed towards a re – escalation of violence in Mali in addition to hard – line rhetoric from militias still operational after the French intervention in 2013 . Analyzing the latest developments there is a need to focus on jihadist groups such as Al – Mourabitoun and Ansar A l – Dine that have become increasingly vocal about resurging violence in the region. Meanwhile as global terrorist franchises such as Al – Qeada (AQ) and the Islamic state (IS) try to secure their grip over various groups the threat placed on local governments and key international actors is also of interest.